Tips to Manage Hay Fever

Tips to Manage Hay Fever

Information Resources

By Evelyn Cunico, MA, MS/LIS
Posted March 26, 2019

What Is Hay Fever?

Hay Fever is another name for Pollen Allergy. Hay Fever is called a seasonal allergy, because during spring, summer, and fall, certain grasses, trees, and weeds release tiny pollen grains into the air that you breathe. Allergies, including Hay Fever, can be inherited, so if members of your family have Hay Fever, you may experience symptoms.

What Are the Symptoms of Hay Fever?

Hay Fever can include the following symptoms:

  • Coughing and a clogged nose
  • Itching eyes, nose, and throat
  • Red and watery eyes
  • Sneezing, often with a runny nose

What Are Some Tips to Help You to Manage Hay Fever?

It is always important to make an appointment with your medical doctor, if you are experiencing what you believe to be symptoms of hay fever. Your doctor may be able to relieve your symptoms with medications and advice.

To find out whether pollen counts are high in your geographic area, listen to the local weather report on TV or the radio, or search online, using the key words, Pollen Count and then the name of your city and state.

Tips for managing allergies, asthma, and pollen are recommended in the patient instructions of the National Institutes of Health, U.S. National Library of Medicine, MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia, at the entry for Allergies, Asthma, and Pollen.

The Medical Encyclopedia website content is reviewed by A.D.A.M. a credible online clinical and consumer health information library, which subscribes to the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation

  • Avoid the outdoors between 5:00 a.m. and 10:00 a.m.
  • Keep doors and windows closed.
  • Use an air conditioner.
  • Limit outdoor activities to late afternoon or after a heavy rain that washes away pollen.
  • Wear a protective face mask.
  • Replace grass in your yard with ground cover that does not produce much pollen, such as Irish moss.
  • If you buy trees for your yard, look for tree types that will not make your allergies worse. For example, select from the following tree types: Crape Myrtle, Dogwood, Fig, Fir, Palm, Pear, Plum, Redbud, and Redwood.

For more information, please see the Selected Information Resources that conclude this blog post.

Disclaimer: The information presented in this blog should not replace the medical advice of your doctor. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat any disease, illness, or other health condition without first consulting with your medical doctor.

Selected Information Resources

American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) Foundation. Choosing Wisely. Allergy Tests: When You Need Them and When You Don’t.
Summary Note: Report developed in 2016 by Consumer Reports, in cooperation with the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology, cautions that allergy tests without a doctor exam are sometimes unreliable. Advises when to consider having allergy tests.
(Accessed 2019 March 19)

American Osteopathic Association. Sorting Out Seasonal Allergies
Summary Note: Includes list of symptoms of seasonal allergies and tips on how you can avoid seasonal allergies. Explains preventive care approach of Doctors of Osteopathic Medicine (DOs).
(Accessed 2019 March 19)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. FastStats: Allergies and Hay Fever.
Summary Note: Includes statistical data from the National Health Interview Survey, 2017.
(Accessed 2019 March 19)

National Institutes of Health. U.S. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia Allergies, Asthma, and Pollen.
Summary Note: Discusses allergies as triggers to avoid. Lists actions to take when pollen levels are high. Suggests planting specific types of trees that will not make your allergies worse.
(Accessed 2019 March 25)

National Institutes of Health. U.S. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus. Hay Fever, also called, Pollen Allergy.
Summary Note: MedlinePlus Hay Fever Topic Page defines Hay Fever. Links to Allergy Tests, Prevention, and Treatments. Includes section focused on children.
(Accessed 2019 March 19)

National Institutes of Health. U.S. National Library of Medicine. NIH MedlinePlus. The Magazine. Spring 2015. Managing Your Seasonal Allergies.
Summary Note: Briefly discusses grass pollen, tree pollen, and weed pollen. Includes list of Fast Facts from National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.
(Accessed 2019 March 19)

Nemours Foundation. KidsHealth. Seasonal Allergies (Hay Fever). About Seasonal Allergies. Reviewed by Jordan C. Smallwood, M.D. October 2016.
Summary Note: Article for parents discusses how childhood seasonal allergies are diagnosed with skin tests. Links to article that explains skin testing for allergies.
(Accessed 2019 March 19)

U.S. Food and Drug Administration. For Consumers. Allergy Meds Could Affect Your Driving.
Summary Note: Article discusses precautions that you should take when using medications for allergy relief, especially when driving. Cautions against use of alcohol, sleep medications, or tranquilizers, while taking antihistamines.
(Accessed 2019 March 19)

 

 

 

 

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How to Increase Positive Emotions

How to Increase Positive Emotions

Information Resources

By Evelyn Cunico, MA, MS/LIS
Posted February 22, 2019

The Power of Positive Emotions

Many articles and books have been written about the power of positive thinking. More recently, medical researchers have been studying the power of positive emotions.

Studies have found that when persons are attentive to their positive emotions, they can take steps to increase them, which over time leads to an overall feeling of happiness and well-being.

How to Increase Five Positive Emotions

Acceptance: Practice acceptance when talking with persons. Acceptance can mean listening with interest without trying to change the opinions of others. Acceptance builds mutual respect.

Cheerfulness: Develop a cheerful personal approach. Cheerfulness and good-natured laughter instill hope for yourself and others. When you make cheerfulness a habit, your mind builds resilience to adjust to an ever-changing world.

Compassion: Look for ways to show compassion. You might open a door for someone, or invite someone to step ahead of you in a long waiting line, or you might focus on smiling at people you meet.

Gratitude: Begin each day with gratitude. You might be grateful for a friend, or a pet, or a personal accomplishment, or sunshine streaming through your window. Experiencing gratitude sets the stage for your daily activities.

Peacefulness: Create a peaceful environment. You might find peace in nature by looking up into the night sky. Or you may experience peacefulness by meditating or by enjoying classical music.

Take Action

Everyone has the power to increase their positive emotions. Increasing your positive emotions requires personal action. When increasing your positive emotions becomes a habit, you will build self-esteem, which, in itself, is a positive emotion. Begin to take action now.

Disclaimer: The information presented in this blog should not replace the medical advice of your doctor. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat any disease, illness, or other health condition without first consulting with your medical doctor or other healthcare provider.

Selected Information Resources

Mayo Clinic. News Network. How to Train a Happy Brain. Posted by Dana Sparks, January 19, 2015.
Summary Note: Animated video titled, A Very Happy Brain, by Amit Sood, M.D., M.Sc., Director of Research, Complementary and Integrative Medicine Program, Mayo Clinic. Illustrates how practicing daily Gratitude and Compassion can defeat Fear and Self-Doubt. Conveys message that the pursuit of Gratitude and Compassion will make you happier than the Pursuit of Happiness.
(Accessed 2019 Feb 20)

Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Healthy Lifestyle. Stress Management. Positive Thinking: Stop Negative Self-Talk to Reduce Stress
Summary Note: Provides examples for understanding positive thinking and self-talk. Includes list of health benefits of positive thinking. Suggests how to put positive thinking into practice.
(Accessed 2019 Jan 26)

Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. A Worksite Wellness Intervention: Improving Happiness, Life Satisfaction, and Gratitude in Health Care Workers. Mayo Clinic Proceedings: Innovations, Quality, and Outcomes. 2017 Dec; 1(3): 203-210.
Summary Note: Stress Management and Resiliency Training (SMART) program among health care workers improved happiness, satisfaction with life, gratitude, spirituality, and stress management.
(Accessed 2019 Feb 20)

National Institutes of Health. NIH News in Health. A monthly newsletter from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. January 2019. Dr. Maria Kovacs on Mood and Depression
Summary Note: A conversation with a professor of psychiatry and psychology at the University of Pittsburgh offers practical suggestions for getting out of a bad mood.
(Accessed 2019 Jan 26)

Nemours Foundation. KidsHealth for Teens. Positive Emotions: A Worksheet. Reviewed by D’Arcy Lyness, Ph.D.
Summary Note: Worksheet helps teenagers to explore ten positive emotions. Goal is to promote teen self-awareness and self-determined action.
(Accessed 2019 Feb 20)

Nemours Foundation. KidsHealth for Teens. The Power of Positive Emotions. Reviewed by Mary L. Gavin, M.D.
Summary Note: Discusses how positive emotions affect our brains by increasing attention, awareness, and memory. Provides examples of daily actions that can increase positive emotions.
(Accessed 2019 Feb 20)

 

 

Physical Activity Guidelines Updated to Include Preschool Children

Physical Activity Guidelines Updated to Include Preschool Children

Information Resources

By Evelyn Cunico, MA, MS/LIS
Posted January 09, 2019

Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, Second Edition, 2018, which was released in November 2018, provides updated science-based guidance to help persons aged three years and older to improve their health through participation in regular physical activity, according to the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP), a part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

The updated edition reflects new knowledge gained since the publication of the first Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, released in 2008.

Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, Second Edition, 2018 is meant to be used with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2015 to 2020. Together, the two documents offer guidance on the importance of being physically active and eating a healthy diet.

Achieving the benefits of physical activity depends on your own personal efforts to increase physical activity for yourself and your family and friends, according to the updated Guidelines. Action is also required locally in your community, school, and workplace.

Key Guidelines

  • Preschool children, that is, children aged three through five years, should be physically active throughout the day to enhance growth and development.
  • Adult caregivers of preschool children should encourage active play that includes a variety of activity types.
  • Adults are no longer required to exercise in sessions of at least ten minutes. Even five minutes of physical activity provide health benefits.

To view additional Key Guidelines, see the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. Second Edition, 2018. Executive Summary

Move Your Way Campaign

The primary audiences of the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans are health professionals and policy makers.

The Move Your Way Campaign was created by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion to offer consumer tips on how you can put the Guidelines into action.

For Move Your Way resources, including fact sheets, graphics, interactive tools, and videos to help you, browse the Move Your Way Campaign website.

Disclaimer: The information presented in this blog should not replace the medical advice of your doctor. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat any disease, illness, or other health condition without first consulting with your medical doctor or other healthcare provider.

Selected Information Resources

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. How Much Activity Do You Need? NIH News in Health. January 2019 issue.
Summary Note: Updated advice about physical activity goals is based on the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, Second Edition, 2018.
(Accessed 2019 Jan 07)

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). About page
Summary Note: Describes education and training activities, programs, and services. Includes links to three health information websites managed by ODPHP: health dot gov, healthfinder dot gov, and HealthyPeople dot gov.
(Accessed 2019 Jan 03)

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015 to 2020, Eighth Edition. Executive Summary
Summary Note: Public law requires that every five years the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) jointly publish a report containing nutritional and dietary information and guidelines for the general public. Dietary Guidelines for Americans provides guidance on eating a healthy diet to reduce the risk of chronic disease and promote good health.
(Accessed 2019 Jan 04)

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Home page
Summary Note: Subject links include Food and Nutrition, Health Care Quality, Health Literacy, and Physical Activity.
(Accessed 2019 Jan 03)

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. News and Events. News blog. November 12, 2018. Updated Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans Now Available
Summary Note: Announces the Second Edition of Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, 2018.
(Accessed 2019 Jan 03)

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. Second Edition, 2018. Executive Summary.
Summary Note: Discusses the proven benefits of physical activity, based on knowledge gained since publication of the first Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, released in 2008. Includes new aspects, such as discussion of guidance for preschool children, aged three through five years.
(Accessed 2019 Jan 03)

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. Move Your Way.
Summary Note: Describes campaign called, Move Your Way, which provides tips on how to meet the recommendations of the Physical Activity Guidelines.
(Accessed 2019 Jan 03)

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. Move Your Way. Get More Information about Physical Activity
Summary Note: Physical Activity resources for persons who have specific health conditions.
(Accessed 2019 Jan 03)

 

 

 

DASH Eating Plan Drives Healthy Lifestyle

DASH Eating Plan Drives Healthy Lifestyle

Information Resources

By Evelyn Cunico, MA, MS/LIS
Posted December 19, 2018

What is the DASH Eating Plan?

DASH stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. The DASH Eating Plan is also called, the DASH diet. The DASH Eating Plan was developed by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), a research institute in the National Institutes of Health.

The DASH Eating Plan is designed to lower your blood pressure without medicine. However, anyone can benefit from the DASH Eating Plan, according to the NHLBI.

What foods does the DASH Eating Plan recommend?

DASH emphasizes eating a variety of foods, limiting portion sizes (that is, the amount that you choose to eat), and getting the right amount of nutrients.

The DASH Eating Plan suggests changing eating and drinking habits.

  • Emphasize fruits, vegetables, and whole-grains.
  • Include fish, poultry, beans, nuts, and vegetable oils.
  • Use fat-free or low-fat dairy products.
  • Think of red meat as a side dish, instead of a main course.
  • Limit the portion size of sweet desserts.
  • Limit alcohol to two drinks a day for a man, or one drink a day for a woman.
  • Limit sodium.

Does the DASH Eating Plan follow the Dietary Guidelines for Americans?

The DASH Eating Plan follows the Key Recommendations of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2015-2020.

For example, the Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend limiting sodium intake. Diets high in sodium are associated with an increased risk of developing high blood pressure, according to the Guidelines.

DASH Eating Plan foods are naturally low in sodium. You can reduce your sodium even more by training yourself to read food labels. Then, buy foods that are labeled, No Salt Added, or Low-Sodium.

Instead of salt, use herbs. Basil, oregano, and rosemary are a few examples of herbs that add flavor to foods. If you gradually switch from salt to herbs, your taste over several weeks will adjust to the new flavors.

In addition to lowering blood pressure, the DASH Eating Plan can help to prevent cancer, diabetes, heart disease, osteoporosis, and stroke, according to the NHLBI.

Disclaimer: The information presented in this blog should not replace the medical advice of your doctor. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat any disease, illness, or other health condition without first consulting with your medical doctor or other healthcare provider.

Selected Information Resources

Cunico, Evelyn. CHIME Consumer Health: Consumer Health Information Made Easy. Nutrition Facts Label Changes to Include Added Sugars. CHIME blog Archive May 2016
Summary Note: CHIME Consumer Health blog article, in May 2016 Archive, discusses the Nutrition Facts label, updated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
(Accessed 2018 December 19)

Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Healthy Lifestyle. Nutrition and Healthy Eating. DASH Diet: Healthy Eating to Lower Your Blood Pressure.
Summary Note: Provides examples of the recommended servings from each food group for the 2,000 calorie-a-day DASH diet.
(Accessed 2018 December 17)

National Institutes of Health. NIH News in Health. December 2018. Plan Your Plate. Shifting to a Healthy Eating Style.
Summary Note: NIH newsletter discusses the DASH diet as an eating plan for anyone who would like to improve their lifestyle eating habits.
(Accessed 2018 December 17)

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Executive Summary: Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2015-2020.
Summary Note: Summarizes The Guidelines and Key Recommendations that encourage healthy eating patterns.
(Accessed 2018 December 18)

U.S. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus. DASH Eating Plan.
Summary Note: MedlinePlus topic page for the DASH Eating Plan also called: DASH Diet.
(Accessed 2018 December 17)

U.S. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus. Understanding the DASH Diet.
Summary Note: Medical Encyclopedia explains how the DASH diet works to help you to eat nutritious foods. Discusses Health Benefits and Possible Health Concerns.
(Accessed 2018 December 17)

 

 

 

Prevent Heart Disease with Action Steps

Prevent Heart Disease with Action Steps

Information Resources

By Evelyn Cunico, MA, MS/LIS
Posted November 28, 2018

Definition of Heart Disease

Heart Disease refers to several different types of heart conditions.

Coronary artery disease is a type of heart disease that occurs when a substance called plaque, which is made up of cholesterol deposits, builds up in the arteries that supply blood to the heart, limiting oxygen and nutrients that are necessary forĀ  heart health, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Three Major Risk Factors for Heart Disease

  • High cholesterol levels
  • High blood pressure
  • Smoking

Three Action Steps You Can Take to Lower Your Risk for Heart Disease

  • Test your cholesterol levels. Talk with your doctor about a simple blood test to test your cholesterol levels. Lifestyle changes and medicines, if needed, can lower your cholesterol.
  • Control your blood pressure. High blood pressure has no symptoms, so be sure to have your health care provider check your blood pressure at least once a year, and more often if you have high blood pressure.
  • Do not smoke. Cigarette smoking raises your blood pressure and greatly increases your risk for heart disease. If you do not smoke, do not start. If you do smoke, quitting will lower your risk of heart disease. Your doctor or other health care provider can suggest ways to help you to quit.

Benefits of Physical Exercise

  • Lowers cholesterol level. Exercise can lower your LDL (low-density lipoprotein) level. A high LDL level is a major risk factor for heart disease.
  • Lowers blood pressure. Doing some type of moderate aerobic exercise, for 30 minutes five days of the week, can help to lower blood pressure. This is about two and one-half hours per week.
  • May deter smoking. Regular exercise has been proven to reduce stress. Experts are not sure if stress plays a direct role in heart disease. But stress may contribute to other risk factors, such as smoking.

Remember: Always check with your medical doctor or other healthcare provider before starting any new activity.

For more information, see the following Selected Information Resources.

Disclaimer: The information presented in this blog should not replace the medical advice of your doctor. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat any disease, illness, or other health condition without first consulting with your medical doctor.

Selected Information Resources

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Heart Disease Prevention: What You Can Do
Summary Note: Lists steps on how to Live a Healthy Lifestyle and how to Prevent or Treat Your Medical Conditions. Includes list of Key Definitions.
(Accessed 2018 Nov 28)

NIH News in Health. Can You Recognize a Heart Attack or Stroke? What to Do When Every Moment Counts. August 2014.
Summary Note: National Institutes of Health monthly newsletter includes discussion on how heart attack symptoms differ for women and men.
(Accessed 2018 Nov 23)

NIH News in Health. Healthy Body, Happy Heart. Improve Your Heart Health. November 17, 2017.
Summary Note: National Institutes of Health monthly newsletter discusses three major risk factors for heart disease and how to avoid them.
(Accessed 2018 Nov 23)

U.S. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus. Heart-Healthy Recipe of the Week.
Summary Note: Recipes from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health, to help reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke. A to Z list of recipes includes photos.
(Accessed 2018 Nov 23)

U.S. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus. How to Prevent Heart Disease
Summary Note: MedlinePlus Topic Page for Heart Disease Prevention includes tips on how to lower your risk of heart disease. Information sources include the American Heart Association, the Mayo Foundation for Education and Research, and the National Institutes of Health.
(Accessed 2018 Nov 23)

U.S. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus. Medical Encyclopedia. Give Your Heart a Workout.
Summary Note: Lists the best physical activities for your heart.
(Accessed 2018 Nov 23)

 

Handwashing: A Recipe for Health

Handwashing: A Recipe for Health

Information Resources

By Evelyn Cunico, MA, MS/LIS
Posted October 30, 2018

Why Wash Your Hands

Keeping hands clean by washing them with soap and clean, running water is one of the most important habits we can develop to avoid getting sick and spreading germs, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Handwashing is so important to health that Global Handwashing Day in October has been named in honor of Handwashing!

Fight Antibiotic Resistance

Did you know that handwashing helps to fight the rise in antibiotic resistance?

Preventing sickness reduces the amount of antibiotics that people use and the likelihood that antibiotic resistance will develop. Handwashing can prevent about 30 percent of diarrhea-related sicknesses and about 20 percent of respiratory infections, such as colds. Antibiotics often are prescribed unnecessarily for these health issues, according to the CDC.

How to Wash Your Hands: A Recipe for Health

The CDC recommends cleaning hands in a specific way to avoid getting sick and spreading germs. The guidance for effective handwashing and use of hand sanitizer was developed based on data from a number of studies. That is why the CDC calls handwashing, A Recipe for Health.

Step One
Wet your hands with clean, running water, turn off the tap, and apply soap.

Step Two
Lather your hands by rubbing them together with the soap. Be sure to lather the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails.

Step Three
Scrub your hands for at least 20 seconds. To estimate time, hum the Happy Birthday song twice.

Step Four
Rinse your hands well under clean, running water.

Step Five
Air dry your hands, or dry your hands using a clean towel.

For more information, see the following Selected Information Resources.

Disclaimer: The information presented in this blog should not replace the medical advice of your doctor. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat any disease, illness, or other health condition without first consulting with your medical doctor.

Selected Information Resources

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Fight Germs. Wash Your Hands!
Summary Note: Three-minute video demonstrates five-step handwashing approach. Links to English and Spanish versions.
(Accessed 27 October 2018)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Handwashing: Clean Hands Save Lives. Global Handwashing Day, October 15, 2018: A Recipe for Health
Summary Note: Handwashing Resources, such as scientific data behind CDC recommendations.
(Accessed 27 October 2018)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Handwashing: Clean Hands Save Lives. Show Me the Science – Why Wash Your Hands?
Summary Note: Explains how germs get onto hands, how handwashing can prevent illness, and how handwashing helps to minimize resistance to antibiotics.
(Accessed 27 October 2018)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Handwashing: Clean Hands Save Lives. Show Me the Science – How to Wash Your Hands.
Summary Note: Describes the five-step handwashing approach. For each step, provides evidence-based reasons why the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends cleaning hands in a specific way.
(Accessed 27 October 2018)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Handwashing. Clean Hands Save Lives. Show Me the Science – Situations Where Hand Sanitizer Can Be Effective and How to Use It in Community Settings
Summary Note: Describes when and how to use hand sanitizer.
(Accessed 27 October 2018)

 

Child Development

Child Development

Information Resources

By Evelyn Cunico, MA, MS/LIS
Posted September 23, 2018

Child development includes emotional, intellectual, physical, and social changes. When talking about differences among healthy children, it is hard to define what is normal. Diet, exercise, and heredity are all contributing factors.

MedlinePlus, which is part of the U.S. National Library of Medicine, has produced a full topic page on Child Development. Explore MedlinePlus Child Development which includes links provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a Medical Encyclopedia, and Related Health Topics.

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), which is part of the National Institutes of Health, is the primary NIH organization conducting research on child development. Visit the NICHD Newsroom to find statistics from U.S. government agencies on the status of at-risk children and youth.

For more information, browse the following Selected Information Resources.

Disclaimer: The information presented in this blog should not replace the medical advice of your doctor. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat any disease, illness, or other health condition without first consulting with your medical doctor.

Selected Information Resources

Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. EatRight. Five Ways to Promote a Positive Body Image for Kids.
Summary Note: How to talk with children about the myth of the perfect body. Conversations between parents and children can build confidence and self-esteem.
(Accessed 22 September 2018)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Child Development. CDC A-Z Index.
Summary Note: Browse the CDC A-Z Index at the letter, C, for Child.
(Accessed 22 September 2018)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities. Child Development. Basic Information.
Summary Note: Includes Effective Parenting Strategies and Positive Parenting Tips. Also includes links to information on milestones that children should reach from birth through teen years.
(Accessed 22 September 2018)

National Book Foundation. BookUp.
Summary Note: National Book Foundation (NBF) works to ensure that books have a central place in American culture. NBF partners include the U.S. Department of Education and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. NBF BookUp is a free reading program in low-income and minority communities where reading proficiency is particularly low.
(Accessed 20 September 2018)

National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). How Can Parents and Caregivers Promote Early Learning
Summary Note: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development is the primary NIH organization that supports and conducts research on the processes of human development and how they affect health, from preconception through adulthood.
(Accessed 22 September 2018)

National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). News Release. September 19, 2018. America’s Children in Brief 2018: Key National Indicators of Well-Being.
Summary Note: NICHD Newsroom announces publication of the latest annual report of Federal statistics on the health and well-being of America’s children and youth. Newsroom includes link to the full report.
(Accessed 22 September 2018)

National Institutes of Health. News in Health. April 2018. Building Social Bonds. Connections that Promote Well-Being.
Summary Note: A monthly newsletter from the National Institutes of Health, part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. April 2018 newsletter issue discusses positive emotional family bonds that are central to the development of children.
(Accessed 22 September 2018)

National Institutes of Health. News in Health. Special Issue: Parenting. It’s a Kid’s Job. Playing Helps Kids Learn and Grow.
Summary Note: A monthly newsletter from the National Institutes of Health, part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Special Issue on Parenting includes comments from medical experts on play behavior. Evidence suggests that play can help increase brain function, promote fitness, improve coordination, and teach cooperation.
(Accessed 22 September 2018)

National Institutes of Health. U.S. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus. Child Development.
Summary Note: MedlinePlus topic page for Child Development. Section titled, Start Here, provides background with links to federal government, university, and nonprofit organizations. Website includes sections on Treatments and Therapies, Videos and Tutorials, Statistics and Research, Journal Articles, and Patient Handouts.
(Accessed 22 September 2018)

Nemours Foundation. KidsHealth from Nemours. Growth and Development.
Summary Note: Website helps parents to learn about the changing body and mind of their growing child. Topic links include
Feeding and Eating, Learning and Play, Medical Care, Sexual Development, and Sleep.
(Accessed 22 September 2018)