Physical Activity Guidelines Updated to Include Preschool Children

Physical Activity Guidelines Updated to Include Preschool Children

Information Resources

By Evelyn Cunico, MA, MS/LIS
Posted January 09, 2019

Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, Second Edition, 2018, which was released in November 2018, provides updated science-based guidance to help persons aged three years and older to improve their health through participation in regular physical activity, according to the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP), a part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

The updated edition reflects new knowledge gained since the publication of the first Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, released in 2008.

Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, Second Edition, 2018 is meant to be used with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2015 to 2020. Together, the two documents offer guidance on the importance of being physically active and eating a healthy diet.

Achieving the benefits of physical activity depends on your own personal efforts to increase physical activity for yourself and your family and friends, according to the updated Guidelines. Action is also required locally in your community, school, and workplace.

Key Guidelines

  • Preschool children, that is, children aged three through five years, should be physically active throughout the day to enhance growth and development.
  • Adult caregivers of preschool children should encourage active play that includes a variety of activity types.
  • Adults are no longer required to exercise in sessions of at least ten minutes. Even five minutes of physical activity provide health benefits.

To view additional Key Guidelines, see the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. Second Edition, 2018. Executive Summary

Move Your Way Campaign

The primary audiences of the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans are health professionals and policy makers.

The Move Your Way Campaign was created by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion to offer consumer tips on how you can put the Guidelines into action.

For Move Your Way resources, including fact sheets, graphics, interactive tools, and videos to help you, browse the Move Your Way Campaign website.

Disclaimer: The information presented in this blog should not replace the medical advice of your doctor. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat any disease, illness, or other health condition without first consulting with your medical doctor or other healthcare provider.

Selected Information Resources

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. How Much Activity Do You Need? NIH News in Health. January 2019 issue.
Summary Note: Updated advice about physical activity goals is based on the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, Second Edition, 2018.
(Accessed 2019 Jan 07)

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). About page
Summary Note: Describes education and training activities, programs, and services. Includes links to three health information websites managed by ODPHP: health dot gov, healthfinder dot gov, and HealthyPeople dot gov.
(Accessed 2019 Jan 03)

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015 to 2020, Eighth Edition. Executive Summary
Summary Note: Public law requires that every five years the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) jointly publish a report containing nutritional and dietary information and guidelines for the general public. Dietary Guidelines for Americans provides guidance on eating a healthy diet to reduce the risk of chronic disease and promote good health.
(Accessed 2019 Jan 04)

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Home page
Summary Note: Subject links include Food and Nutrition, Health Care Quality, Health Literacy, and Physical Activity.
(Accessed 2019 Jan 03)

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. News and Events. News blog. November 12, 2018. Updated Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans Now Available
Summary Note: Announces the Second Edition of Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, 2018.
(Accessed 2019 Jan 03)

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. Second Edition, 2018. Executive Summary.
Summary Note: Discusses the proven benefits of physical activity, based on knowledge gained since publication of the first Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, released in 2008. Includes new aspects, such as discussion of guidance for preschool children, aged three through five years.
(Accessed 2019 Jan 03)

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. Move Your Way.
Summary Note: Describes campaign called, Move Your Way, which provides tips on how to meet the recommendations of the Physical Activity Guidelines.
(Accessed 2019 Jan 03)

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. Move Your Way. Get More Information about Physical Activity
Summary Note: Physical Activity resources for persons who have specific health conditions.
(Accessed 2019 Jan 03)

 

 

 

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DASH Eating Plan Drives Healthy Lifestyle

DASH Eating Plan Drives Healthy Lifestyle

Information Resources

By Evelyn Cunico, MA, MS/LIS
Posted December 19, 2018

What is the DASH Eating Plan?

DASH stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. The DASH Eating Plan is also called, the DASH diet. The DASH Eating Plan was developed by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), a research institute in the National Institutes of Health.

The DASH Eating Plan is designed to lower your blood pressure without medicine. However, anyone can benefit from the DASH Eating Plan, according to the NHLBI.

What foods does the DASH Eating Plan recommend?

DASH emphasizes eating a variety of foods, limiting portion sizes (that is, the amount that you choose to eat), and getting the right amount of nutrients.

The DASH Eating Plan suggests changing eating and drinking habits.

  • Emphasize fruits, vegetables, and whole-grains.
  • Include fish, poultry, beans, nuts, and vegetable oils.
  • Use fat-free or low-fat dairy products.
  • Think of red meat as a side dish, instead of a main course.
  • Limit the portion size of sweet desserts.
  • Limit alcohol to two drinks a day for a man, or one drink a day for a woman.
  • Limit sodium.

Does the DASH Eating Plan follow the Dietary Guidelines for Americans?

The DASH Eating Plan follows the Key Recommendations of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2015-2020.

For example, the Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend limiting sodium intake. Diets high in sodium are associated with an increased risk of developing high blood pressure, according to the Guidelines.

DASH Eating Plan foods are naturally low in sodium. You can reduce your sodium even more by training yourself to read food labels. Then, buy foods that are labeled, No Salt Added, or Low-Sodium.

Instead of salt, use herbs. Basil, oregano, and rosemary are a few examples of herbs that add flavor to foods. If you gradually switch from salt to herbs, your taste over several weeks will adjust to the new flavors.

In addition to lowering blood pressure, the DASH Eating Plan can help to prevent cancer, diabetes, heart disease, osteoporosis, and stroke, according to the NHLBI.

Disclaimer: The information presented in this blog should not replace the medical advice of your doctor. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat any disease, illness, or other health condition without first consulting with your medical doctor or other healthcare provider.

Selected Information Resources

Cunico, Evelyn. CHIME Consumer Health: Consumer Health Information Made Easy. Nutrition Facts Label Changes to Include Added Sugars. CHIME blog Archive May 2016
Summary Note: CHIME Consumer Health blog article, in May 2016 Archive, discusses the Nutrition Facts label, updated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
(Accessed 2018 December 19)

Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Healthy Lifestyle. Nutrition and Healthy Eating. DASH Diet: Healthy Eating to Lower Your Blood Pressure.
Summary Note: Provides examples of the recommended servings from each food group for the 2,000 calorie-a-day DASH diet.
(Accessed 2018 December 17)

National Institutes of Health. NIH News in Health. December 2018. Plan Your Plate. Shifting to a Healthy Eating Style.
Summary Note: NIH newsletter discusses the DASH diet as an eating plan for anyone who would like to improve their lifestyle eating habits.
(Accessed 2018 December 17)

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Executive Summary: Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2015-2020.
Summary Note: Summarizes The Guidelines and Key Recommendations that encourage healthy eating patterns.
(Accessed 2018 December 18)

U.S. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus. DASH Eating Plan.
Summary Note: MedlinePlus topic page for the DASH Eating Plan also called: DASH Diet.
(Accessed 2018 December 17)

U.S. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus. Understanding the DASH Diet.
Summary Note: Medical Encyclopedia explains how the DASH diet works to help you to eat nutritious foods. Discusses Health Benefits and Possible Health Concerns.
(Accessed 2018 December 17)

 

 

 

Prevent Heart Disease with Action Steps

Prevent Heart Disease with Action Steps

Information Resources

By Evelyn Cunico, MA, MS/LIS
Posted November 28, 2018

Definition of Heart Disease

Heart Disease refers to several different types of heart conditions.

Coronary artery disease is a type of heart disease that occurs when a substance called plaque, which is made up of cholesterol deposits, builds up in the arteries that supply blood to the heart, limiting oxygen and nutrients that are necessary for  heart health, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Three Major Risk Factors for Heart Disease

  • High cholesterol levels
  • High blood pressure
  • Smoking

Three Action Steps You Can Take to Lower Your Risk for Heart Disease

  • Test your cholesterol levels. Talk with your doctor about a simple blood test to test your cholesterol levels. Lifestyle changes and medicines, if needed, can lower your cholesterol.
  • Control your blood pressure. High blood pressure has no symptoms, so be sure to have your health care provider check your blood pressure at least once a year, and more often if you have high blood pressure.
  • Do not smoke. Cigarette smoking raises your blood pressure and greatly increases your risk for heart disease. If you do not smoke, do not start. If you do smoke, quitting will lower your risk of heart disease. Your doctor or other health care provider can suggest ways to help you to quit.

Benefits of Physical Exercise

  • Lowers cholesterol level. Exercise can lower your LDL (low-density lipoprotein) level. A high LDL level is a major risk factor for heart disease.
  • Lowers blood pressure. Doing some type of moderate aerobic exercise, for 30 minutes five days of the week, can help to lower blood pressure. This is about two and one-half hours per week.
  • May deter smoking. Regular exercise has been proven to reduce stress. Experts are not sure if stress plays a direct role in heart disease. But stress may contribute to other risk factors, such as smoking.

Remember: Always check with your medical doctor or other healthcare provider before starting any new activity.

For more information, see the following Selected Information Resources.

Disclaimer: The information presented in this blog should not replace the medical advice of your doctor. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat any disease, illness, or other health condition without first consulting with your medical doctor.

Selected Information Resources

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Heart Disease Prevention: What You Can Do
Summary Note: Lists steps on how to Live a Healthy Lifestyle and how to Prevent or Treat Your Medical Conditions. Includes list of Key Definitions.
(Accessed 2018 Nov 28)

NIH News in Health. Can You Recognize a Heart Attack or Stroke? What to Do When Every Moment Counts. August 2014.
Summary Note: National Institutes of Health monthly newsletter includes discussion on how heart attack symptoms differ for women and men.
(Accessed 2018 Nov 23)

NIH News in Health. Healthy Body, Happy Heart. Improve Your Heart Health. November 17, 2017.
Summary Note: National Institutes of Health monthly newsletter discusses three major risk factors for heart disease and how to avoid them.
(Accessed 2018 Nov 23)

U.S. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus. Heart-Healthy Recipe of the Week.
Summary Note: Recipes from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health, to help reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke. A to Z list of recipes includes photos.
(Accessed 2018 Nov 23)

U.S. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus. How to Prevent Heart Disease
Summary Note: MedlinePlus Topic Page for Heart Disease Prevention includes tips on how to lower your risk of heart disease. Information sources include the American Heart Association, the Mayo Foundation for Education and Research, and the National Institutes of Health.
(Accessed 2018 Nov 23)

U.S. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus. Medical Encyclopedia. Give Your Heart a Workout.
Summary Note: Lists the best physical activities for your heart.
(Accessed 2018 Nov 23)

 

Handwashing: A Recipe for Health

Handwashing: A Recipe for Health

Information Resources

By Evelyn Cunico, MA, MS/LIS
Posted October 30, 2018

Why Wash Your Hands

Keeping hands clean by washing them with soap and clean, running water is one of the most important habits we can develop to avoid getting sick and spreading germs, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Handwashing is so important to health that Global Handwashing Day in October has been named in honor of Handwashing!

Fight Antibiotic Resistance

Did you know that handwashing helps to fight the rise in antibiotic resistance?

Preventing sickness reduces the amount of antibiotics that people use and the likelihood that antibiotic resistance will develop. Handwashing can prevent about 30 percent of diarrhea-related sicknesses and about 20 percent of respiratory infections, such as colds. Antibiotics often are prescribed unnecessarily for these health issues, according to the CDC.

How to Wash Your Hands: A Recipe for Health

The CDC recommends cleaning hands in a specific way to avoid getting sick and spreading germs. The guidance for effective handwashing and use of hand sanitizer was developed based on data from a number of studies. That is why the CDC calls handwashing, A Recipe for Health.

Step One
Wet your hands with clean, running water, turn off the tap, and apply soap.

Step Two
Lather your hands by rubbing them together with the soap. Be sure to lather the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails.

Step Three
Scrub your hands for at least 20 seconds. To estimate time, hum the Happy Birthday song twice.

Step Four
Rinse your hands well under clean, running water.

Step Five
Air dry your hands, or dry your hands using a clean towel.

For more information, see the following Selected Information Resources.

Disclaimer: The information presented in this blog should not replace the medical advice of your doctor. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat any disease, illness, or other health condition without first consulting with your medical doctor.

Selected Information Resources

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Fight Germs. Wash Your Hands!
Summary Note: Three-minute video demonstrates five-step handwashing approach. Links to English and Spanish versions.
(Accessed 27 October 2018)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Handwashing: Clean Hands Save Lives. Global Handwashing Day, October 15, 2018: A Recipe for Health
Summary Note: Handwashing Resources, such as scientific data behind CDC recommendations.
(Accessed 27 October 2018)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Handwashing: Clean Hands Save Lives. Show Me the Science – Why Wash Your Hands?
Summary Note: Explains how germs get onto hands, how handwashing can prevent illness, and how handwashing helps to minimize resistance to antibiotics.
(Accessed 27 October 2018)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Handwashing: Clean Hands Save Lives. Show Me the Science – How to Wash Your Hands.
Summary Note: Describes the five-step handwashing approach. For each step, provides evidence-based reasons why the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends cleaning hands in a specific way.
(Accessed 27 October 2018)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Handwashing. Clean Hands Save Lives. Show Me the Science – Situations Where Hand Sanitizer Can Be Effective and How to Use It in Community Settings
Summary Note: Describes when and how to use hand sanitizer.
(Accessed 27 October 2018)

 

Child Development

Child Development

Information Resources

By Evelyn Cunico, MA, MS/LIS
Posted September 23, 2018

Child development includes emotional, intellectual, physical, and social changes. When talking about differences among healthy children, it is hard to define what is normal. Diet, exercise, and heredity are all contributing factors.

MedlinePlus, which is part of the U.S. National Library of Medicine, has produced a full topic page on Child Development. Explore MedlinePlus Child Development which includes links provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a Medical Encyclopedia, and Related Health Topics.

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), which is part of the National Institutes of Health, is the primary NIH organization conducting research on child development. Visit the NICHD Newsroom to find statistics from U.S. government agencies on the status of at-risk children and youth.

For more information, browse the following Selected Information Resources.

Disclaimer: The information presented in this blog should not replace the medical advice of your doctor. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat any disease, illness, or other health condition without first consulting with your medical doctor.

Selected Information Resources

Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. EatRight. Five Ways to Promote a Positive Body Image for Kids.
Summary Note: How to talk with children about the myth of the perfect body. Conversations between parents and children can build confidence and self-esteem.
(Accessed 22 September 2018)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Child Development. CDC A-Z Index.
Summary Note: Browse the CDC A-Z Index at the letter, C, for Child.
(Accessed 22 September 2018)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities. Child Development. Basic Information.
Summary Note: Includes Effective Parenting Strategies and Positive Parenting Tips. Also includes links to information on milestones that children should reach from birth through teen years.
(Accessed 22 September 2018)

National Book Foundation. BookUp.
Summary Note: National Book Foundation (NBF) works to ensure that books have a central place in American culture. NBF partners include the U.S. Department of Education and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. NBF BookUp is a free reading program in low-income and minority communities where reading proficiency is particularly low.
(Accessed 20 September 2018)

National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). How Can Parents and Caregivers Promote Early Learning
Summary Note: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development is the primary NIH organization that supports and conducts research on the processes of human development and how they affect health, from preconception through adulthood.
(Accessed 22 September 2018)

National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). News Release. September 19, 2018. America’s Children in Brief 2018: Key National Indicators of Well-Being.
Summary Note: NICHD Newsroom announces publication of the latest annual report of Federal statistics on the health and well-being of America’s children and youth. Newsroom includes link to the full report.
(Accessed 22 September 2018)

National Institutes of Health. News in Health. April 2018. Building Social Bonds. Connections that Promote Well-Being.
Summary Note: A monthly newsletter from the National Institutes of Health, part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. April 2018 newsletter issue discusses positive emotional family bonds that are central to the development of children.
(Accessed 22 September 2018)

National Institutes of Health. News in Health. Special Issue: Parenting. It’s a Kid’s Job. Playing Helps Kids Learn and Grow.
Summary Note: A monthly newsletter from the National Institutes of Health, part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Special Issue on Parenting includes comments from medical experts on play behavior. Evidence suggests that play can help increase brain function, promote fitness, improve coordination, and teach cooperation.
(Accessed 22 September 2018)

National Institutes of Health. U.S. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus. Child Development.
Summary Note: MedlinePlus topic page for Child Development. Section titled, Start Here, provides background with links to federal government, university, and nonprofit organizations. Website includes sections on Treatments and Therapies, Videos and Tutorials, Statistics and Research, Journal Articles, and Patient Handouts.
(Accessed 22 September 2018)

Nemours Foundation. KidsHealth from Nemours. Growth and Development.
Summary Note: Website helps parents to learn about the changing body and mind of their growing child. Topic links include
Feeding and Eating, Learning and Play, Medical Care, Sexual Development, and Sleep.
(Accessed 22 September 2018)

 

Oral and Dental Health in Seven Steps

Oral and Dental Health in Seven Steps

Information Resources

By Evelyn Cunico, MA, MS/LIS
Posted August 22, 2018

Oral Health Definition

Oral Health is the health of your mouth, including teeth, gums, throat, and the bones around the mouth. The phrases Oral Health and Dental Health are sometimes used interchangeably.

Tooth Decay Prevalence

In 2011 to 2014, the percent of U.S. children aged 5 to 19 years with untreated dental caries (decay) was nearly 20 percent, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The percent of adults aged 20 to 44 with untreated dental caries was more than 30 percent.

Healthy teeth and a healthy mouth are signs of a person’s overall health. Healthy teeth are a key way to monitor progress toward health promotion goals set by Healthy People 2020, which outlines objectives for improving the health of all Americans.

Oral Health Reports

In May 2000, the Office of the Surgeon General developed a Report titled, Oral Health in America. The Report discussed how lifestyle behaviors, such as, excessive alcohol use, poor dietary choices, and tobacco use affect oral health and general well-being.

Since the Oral Health in America Report 20 years ago, oral health workforce models and care delivery systems have evolved.

On July 27, 2018, the National Institutes of Health published a Notice in The Federal Register, The Daily Journal of the United States Government, to Announce the Commission of a Surgeon General’s Report on Oral Health. The updated report is intended to accomplish the following goals:

  • Underscore the critical nature of poor oral health as a public health issue
  • Provide a comprehensive review of the importance of oral health throughout life
  • Describe important contemporary issues affecting oral health and the promise of science to transform the oral health of the nation
  • Outline a vision for future directions
  • Educate, encourage, and call upon all Americans to take action

Seven Steps to Oral and Dental Health

  • Avoid tobacco. Do not smoke or chew tobacco.
  • Brush your teeth twice a day. Use fluoride toothpaste. Replace your toothbrush every four months. If the bristles are frayed, replace your toothbrush right away.
  • Clean between your teeth every day. Use floss or another type of dental cleaner.
  • Drink water. Water keeps the mouth clean by washing away leftover food. If possible, drink water from the tap. Usually, tap water is fluoridated, so it helps to prevent tooth decay.
  • Eat healthy food. Eggs, fish, meat, milk, and poultry are nutritious foods that help to strengthen teeth. Fruits and vegetables are high in fiber and water, which help to clean teeth. Nuts contain protein and minerals that are important for overall health.
  • Limit alcohol. Alcohol should be limited to no more than one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men and only for persons of legal drinking age, according to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015-2020.
  • Make a habit of regular dental visits. If there is pain, contact a dentist or oral health professional as soon as possible.

For more information, see the following Selected Information Resources.

Disclaimer: The information presented in this blog should not replace the medical advice of your doctor. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat any disease, illness, or other health condition without first consulting with your medical doctor.

Selected Information Resources

Academy of General Dentistry. Glossary of Dental Terms.
Summary Note: Defines dental terms in plain language.
(Accessed 18 August 2018)

American Dental Association. Mouth Healthy. Four Reasons Water is the Best Beverage for Your Teeth.
Summary Note: Common sense reasons for drinking water as the beverage of first choice.
(Accessed 20 August 2018)

American Dental Association. Mouth Healthy. Good Foods for Dental Health. Slide Show
Summary Note: Five easy-to-read slides help you to select foods for healthy teeth.
(Accessed 18 August 2018)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Infection Control. The Use and Handling of Toothbrushes.
Summary Note: Tips on how toothbrushes should be cared for and how toothbrushes should be handled in group settings.
(Accessed 18 August 2018)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. FastStats. Oral and Dental Health.
Summary Note: Statistical data for U.S. adults and children. Includes related links on National Health Interview Survey, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, and National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research.
(Accessed 19 August 2018)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Oral Health in America: Summary of the Surgeon General’s Report. May 2000.
Summary Note: Report lists Major Findings and Framework for Action. General Health depends, in part, on the health of teeth. Lifestyle behaviors, such as, excessive alcohol use, poor dietary choices, and tobacco use affect oral health and general well-being.
(Accessed 19 August 2018)

Mayo Clinic. Healthy Lifestyle. Adult Health. Oral Health.
Summary Note: Facts about how the health of gums, mouth, and teeth can affect your general health.
(Accessed 19 August 2018)

National Institutes of Health. National Archives. The Federal Register. The Daily Journal of the United States Government. A Notice by the National Institutes of Health on July 27, 2018 to Announce the Commission of a Surgeon General’s Report on Oral Health.
Summary Note: The Report will document progress in oral health in the 20 years since the 2000 Surgeon General’s Report on Oral Health.
(Accessed 19 August 2018)

National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research.
Summary Note: Primary NIH organization for research on Dental Health.
(Accessed 18 August 2018)

Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Healthy People 2020. Oral Health.
Summary Note: Summarizes major improvements in public oral health over the past 50 years. Discusses challenges, such as,, how to increase social awareness and hot to reduce disparities in community access. Includes section on Understanding Oral Health.
(Accessed 21 August 2018)

Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Take Care of Your Teeth and Gums.
Summary Note: Basic approaches for brushing and flossing. Includes diagrams. Suggests ways to reduce anxiety during dental visits.
(Accessed 18 August 2018)

Office on Women’s Health. Oral Health.
Summary Note: Defines Oral Health. Includes questions and answers related to the unique oral health concerns of women.
(Accessed 21 August 2018)

U.S. Department of Agriculture. Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015-2020. Eighth Edition. Key Recommendations.
Summary Note: The Dietary Guidelines is the cornerstone of Federal nutrition policy and nutrition education activities.
(Accessed 22 August 2018)

U.S. Department of Agriculture. Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015-2020. Eighth Edition. Appendix 9. Alcohol.
Summary Note: Section on Alcohol describes types of beverages that are equivalent to one alcoholic drink.
(Accessed 22 August 2018)

U.S. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus. Child Dental Health.
Summary Note: Advice for parents and youth on how to take care of teeth starting in childhood. Links to Federal and other reliable information sources.
(Accessed 18 August 2018)

U.S. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus. Dental Health. Also called: Oral Health.
Summary Note: MedlinePlus Topic page on Dental Health. Includes section titled, Start Here. Includes sections for Men, Women, and Seniors. Highlights Patient Handouts from online Medical Encyclopedia.
(Accessed 19 August 2018)

U.S. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus. Gum Disease. Also called: Periodontal Disease.
Summary Note: Links to Federal and other reliable information sources on Gum Disease Prevention and Risk Factors. Includes llinks to Patient Handouts.
(Accessed 19 August 2018)

U.S. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus. Tooth Decay. Also called: Cavities, Dental Caries.
Summary Note: MedlinePlus Topic page on Tooth Decay. Discusses Treatments and Therapies. Categories include Children and Older Adults. Includes links on How to Find a Dentist.
(Accessed 19 August 2018)

U.S. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus. Tooth Disorders.
Summary Note: Links to Federal and other reliable information sources on tooth disorders that cause ongoing pain or that may need surgery. Includes list of Patient Handouts from Medical Encyclopedia.
(Accessed 19 August 2018)

Camping Health and Safety Tips

Camping Health and Safety Tips

Information Resources

By Evelyn Cunico, MA, MS/LIS
Posted July 27, 2018

Summer camping is one way to enjoy the outdoors. Consider these tips for a healthy and safe camping experience.

Prepare in Advance of Your Camping Trip

  • Several weeks or months before your camping trip, ask your medical doctor which vaccinations are recommended for your age. If needed, make a medical appointment to be vaccinated.
  • Before you leave, tell family and friends your plans.
  • Pack a first-aid kit.
  • Pack batteries, blankets, clothes, a compass or a global positioning system (GPS) and a map, a flashlight, medications, food including healthy snacks, and safe drinking water.
  • Take sunscreen with a sun protection factor of at least 15 (SPF 15). Plan to wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants, a wide-brimmed hat, and sunglasses. For insect repellent, look for a product with 20 percent or more of DEET.
  • Learn about security at your camp location. Know what to do when toilets at the camp site are not available. Check the weather reports.
  • Take the name and phone number of the appropriate contact person at the camp to report issues that may come up.
  • When you return home, check for dehydration, skin rashes, ticks, or other problems. If needed, see a medical doctor as soon as possible.

Plan for Safe Physical Activities

  • To stay active during your camping trip, include biking, hiking, swimming, or walking.
  • Never hike or swim alone.
  • Watch your children closely.
  • Know your physical limits. Take steps to avoid injury during activities.
  • Take protective gear, such as, helmets, life jackets, and sturdy shoes.
  • Avoid poisonous plants, such as, poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac.
  • To find how much physical activity you need, see the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website titled, Physical Activity Basics

For more information, see the following Selected Information Resources.

Disclaimer: The information presented in this blog should not replace the medical advice of your doctor. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat any disease, illness, or other health condition without first consulting with your medical doctor.

Selected Information Resources

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Camping Health and Safety Tips and Checklist
Summary Note: Checklist to prepare for family camping trips. Discusses topics such as, prevention of temperature-related illness, vaccination of adults and children, and protection of family pets.
(Accessed 24 July 2018)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Camping, Hiking, Travel.
Summary Note: Focuses on Safe Drinking Water, Safe Recreational Water, Sanitation, and Water-Related Injuries.
(Accessed 24 July 2018)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Physical Activity Basics. How Much Physical Activity Do You Need?
Summary Note: Discusses Physical Activity Guidelines for different ages. Includes links to videos and personal Success Stories of children and adults.
(Accessed 26 July 2018)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Prevention. Insect Repellent Use and Safety.
Summary Note: Discusses how to prevent mosquito bites. Detailed tips for everyone, including babies and children. Includes suggestions on how to use insect repellents. Offers steps to control mosquitoes inside your living space and outdoors.
(Accessed 24 July 2018)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Skin Cancer Awareness.
Summary Note: Lists Fast Facts about Skin Cancer. Includes links to photo gallery of persons using sun protection and how to share on social media.

NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine. Tips for Staying Healthy and Safe this Summer. Summer 2018 Issue: Volume 14 Number 2 page 6-7.
Summary Note: Tips include how to avoid rashes from poison ivy, oak, and sumac
(Accessed 24 July 2018)

University of Maine. Cooperative Extension Publications. Bulletin Number 4336, Best Ways to Wash Fruits and Vegetables
Summary Note: Bulletin developed by The University of Maine Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, and Cooperative Extension. Ways to keep fresh fruits and vegetables safe by washing and refrigerating.
(Accessed 26 July 2018)